The Process of Implant
- Drilling the Pilot Hole – A small hole is drilled at the site of implant. The CT scans shows the dentist the right place to drill without damaging vital jaw and face structures like the alveolar nerve in the lower jaw.
- Implant Placement – After drilling the pilot hole it is lowly widened. The titanium screw is the placed in the hole with a protective cover screw. Then the patient needs to wait for six months. During this period osseointegration occurs.
- Abutment Placement – After osseointegration has taken place the part connecting the titanium root to the teeth is placed. This device is known as abutment may be placed during the implant placement.
- Temporary Crown Placement – After abutment is placed a temporary crown is placed which serves as template around which the gums grow naturally.
- Permanent crown placement – When the gums have grown in a natural manner to cover the base of the crown, the permanent crown is placed.
The whole procedure may take from eight months to a year which varies on case basis. The after effects initially may be swelling of the face but is temporary. Soft food which is neither too cold nor too hot should be taken to avoid complications. It is very important to clean the implant regularly for the procedure to be successful.
Potential Risks and Complications
However before going for an implant, a thorough check up is needed to check whether the implant is right for you. This includes taking x-rays of the jaw and CT scan to ensure enough bone structure present. Also this takes care of the site of the implant.
There are a few concerns that need to be taken care of before going in for implants.
- Poor Bone Density – This is one of the major concerns. In patients with low bone density osseointegration may not occur leading to implant failure. Also if the teeth have been missing for a long time the body may direct calcium and phosphorous the two main determinants of good bone density to other parts leading to osseointegration failure. So it is advised to get the implants soon after teeth root loss is determined.
- Gum Disease – People suffering from Gum disease may also face possible failure. So the gum disease should be properly taken care of before going in for implants.
- Diabetes – In case of diabetes patients the healing is slow and may hinder the recovery. Hence all medical history should be shared and taken into account before going in for the implant.
In spite of the concerns it is a permanent solution to teeth loss. With proper care the implants can last for a life time. Unlike traditional false teeth (Dentures) it is just like having natural teeth. The implant is always there and the crown can be replaced when it wears out. But regular cleaning, flossing and checkups should be done to maintain the implant